• Review: Dragon Heresy Introductory Set

    Copyright 2018 Gaming Ballistic LLC (image source)

    The Dragon Heresy Introductory Set is a book written by Douglas Cole and published by his company, Gaming Ballistic LLC. Mr. Cole has long been a freelancer for Steve Jackson Games, and he has to his name books such as GURPS Martial Arts, GURPS Technical Grappling and several others. I’ve been following his blog, also called Gaming Ballistic, for quite a while now.

    The Introductory Set is the company’s latest offering, and it’s Kickstarter campaign is just wrapping up. As far as KS campaigns go, it was quite successful: it got the money it needed, hit some cool stretch goals, and is set to deliver on time. I expect the finished product will be availabe on the store before the end of this month.

    Having read my preliminary backer copy, I will endeavor to give you my impressions of it.

    TL; DR

    Dragon Heresy might be the first iteration of D&D Fifth Edition that doesn’t put me to sleep. From now on, I will always be a bit sad when I play vanilla 5th edition because I could be playing Dragon Heresy instead.

    On the Book Itself

    The mostly-final PDF of The Dragon Heresy Introductory Set I have in front of me is around 285 pages long - the final book will have 288, so this is just missing the covers and perhaps a page or two of editorial information. People who backed it at a higher level than I did will also get a luxurious hardcover version (an offset print run was one of the stretch goals they achieved).

    The book contains everything you need to play the game from levels 1 to 5, from basic die-rolling concepts to character creation, rules for lots of common situations and large catalogues of spells and monsters. You can see that all of this was taken from the as-yet-unpublished full game, since there are hints about higher-level stuff left here and there, but the text is self-contained. The hints act mostly as teasers of what the future might bring.

    Layout-wise, the text is reminiscent of the official D&D books at a first look, but all the graphical elements on the page are specific to Dragon Heresy. The body font is a workable serif face, and the titles manage to be both fancy-looking and readable. The art that is already there is quite good overall. Several artists worked on this book, and their styles are usually dissimilar enough to be noticeable, but not enough to make the book look inconsistent.

    The writing is generally clear, and occasionally sprinkled with the same delightful bits of humor you can find in GURPS Dungeon Fantasy supplements, which for me is always a plus.

    Last, but not least, this thing has an table of contents and index comparable to those of a GURPS. This is high praise: no one, and I mean no one publishes books that are as well-indexed as those of GURPS. The PDF also contains links in its text, which further helps referencing related concepts.

    On Player Characters

    Core mechanics and character creation options take up roughly the first 50 pages of the book. The basic mechanics are what you’d expect from any SRD 5.1 game: ability checks, advantage/disadvantage, and so on.

    Character creation uses a set of three different number arrays. The player chooses one and assigns the numbers to the character’s abilities. As the author says, people who really want to roll 4d6-drop-lowest or even 3d6-in-order already know how to do it by heart.

    The available races are Humans, Dwarves, Dragonborn, Half-Elves and Tieflings. None of them are what you’d expect from reading the names alone, and all of them get a detailed overview of their culture. Humans are basically ethnically diverse vikings. Dwarves look like they’re made of stone and have a stronger bond to their craft guild than to their biological family. Dragonborn can look like anything from humans with a bit of a skin condition to barely humanoid lizard-people, and have a history as former slaves of the Elder Dragons. Half-Elves and tieflings, in an interesting reversal of the cliche, are generally well-liked by others wherever they go, having innate bonuses to Charisma as they do.

    You can’t play a full-blooded elf, because this is a Norse-inpired setting and full-blooded Norse elves are scary.

    Class-wise, you have the Berserker (a renamed Barbarian), the Skald (a renamed Bard) plus Fighters, Clerics and Wizards. The basic rules for each are pretty much the same as in standard D&D, but their class options contain some interesting novelty. Berserkers who don’t just want to rage harder at 3rd level can choose to either channel rune magic or become monsters at grappling. Fighters can get what I think might be the best Warlord-like abilities I’ve ever seen in 5th edition material, and can start at first level with a fighting style that makes them Valkyrie-good at spear-fighting. Skalds, Clerics and Wizards also get their own flavorful options.

    No rogues in this book, which is kind of appropriate as both the historical Norse and the people of Torengar consider theft to be dishonorable. The honorable thing to do is to first kill them, then take their stuff.

    You also get a small selection of setting appropriate backgrounds, which segue into an interesting set of rules for social standing. The more lavish your lifestyle and the more expensive your bling, the more pull you have in Torengur society.

    On the Setting

    Dragon Heresy has its own setting: the Norse-inspired kingdom of Torengar, located in the world of Etera. The text takes pains to emphasize the inspired bit, and that you shouldn’t expect the setting to rigorously match real historical Norse facts, but you can still see that quite a bit of research went into it.

    The wider cosmology is based on Norse myth: you have Yggdrasil and its Nine Realms, but there are several differences that are caused both by the need to bring this a bit closer to a D&D-ish arrangement and by the setting’s specific history. The latter are the most interesting.

    For example, Jotunheim is inhabited by dragons, not giants. Giants used to live here at the beginning of time, but the dragons kicked them out. Alfheim was similarly changed by ancient historical events. These details make me feel like this is a post-Ragnarok world even though the Aesir are still kicking around.

    The Aesir themselves are slightly changed from what you’d expect from reading up on Norse myth. Of the “main cast”, Freya and Frigga have been mashed up into a single deity (Valfreya), and several of the others go by names that as far as I know are historical, but not as popular in the present-day real world. Woden, Donnar, and such. There are also a whole bunch of other Aesir who don’t normally get top billing in Marvel movies but which play an important part in the lives of the people of Torengar.

    The ancient history of Etera is dominated by a long war between the Winter Fae and the Elder Dragons, which ended when a Fae faction performed a desperate magical ritual of apocalyptic proportions that pretty much shattered both empires and allowed their former slaves to spread out and form many smaller, squabbling kingdoms. A few centuries ago, the dwarves of the island of Barakthel began exerting their influence on the neighboring lands to make them a bit more stable, resulting in the current political map.

    Most Introductory Set adventures take place in Torengar, the most viking-like kingdom of Etera, or in the neighboring land of Tanalor where most of the ancient Fae and Dragon ruins are. There are other kingdoms that take more after other real-world cultures and which the Torengur love to trade with and/or raid, but they aren’t given much emphasis here. I imagine the full three-book set would have more on them.

    Overall the setting as presented in the Introductory Set is quite gameable, and comes with plenty of advice and general hooks for creating adventures. It’s certainly a lot more flavorful than the Forgotten Realms the official 5th edition books stick to.

    On the New Mechanics

    I’ve touched upon this a tiny bit when describing the character creation options, but Dragon Heresy has a lot of new and interesting mechanics that, in my eyes, turn D&D 5th edition from the flavorless substrate of generic fantasy roleplaying into something interesting in its own right.

    The most obvious change is that it ditches Armor Class and Hit Points in favor of a new Vigor/Wounds system. No, this isn’t the first wounds system in roleplaying: Star Wars d20 tried something similar, and any Brazilian readers will know Tagmar did it a decade before Star Wars d20. This is, however, one of the best-executed wounds system I’ve ever seen.

    Your hit dice give you Vigor points, which explicitly represent your ability to protect yourself from harm via weapon parries, shield blocks or plain dodging. You gain more Vigor when you level up, and recover lost Vigor by resting (much like HP in vanilla D&D). You don’t take Vigor damage - you spend vigor to avoid taking Wounds. Wounds are serious business. They take days or weeks to heal without magic, and taking Wounds can seriously impair your character long before they’re at death’s door.

    Instead of a single Armor Class value, characters have a relatively low Threat DC and a higher Hit DC. If an enemy beats your Threat DC, it means they will hit you unless you actively defend yourself by spending Vigor. Beating your Hit DC means they bypassed all of your defenses. Avoiding injury from that takes a “frantic defense”, which among other things costs your reaction for the round.

    Armor no longer makes you harder to hit - instead, it provides damage resistance that reduces the amount of Wounds (not Vigor) you take from an attack. Shields do make you harder to hit, and you need a shield to be able to defend yourself normally from arrow fire or certain similar spells.

    On top of this there’s grappling. Dragon Heresy uses a version of the grappling system introduced in Dungeon Grappling, where attempts to grapple an enemy cause Control Damage and enemies are more impaired the more Control has been applied to them. You can also turn control directly into wounds, which isn’t as efficient as just stabbing your enemy but is better than trying to punch them barehanded.

    I quite like these systems! You can kinda see the influence from GURPS here - spending Vigor is the equivalent of making active defense rolls, and Dungeon Grappling was of course inspired by Technical Grappling. These rules do a good job of putting the age-old “hit points versus meat points” debate to rest.

    Aside from these combat mechanics, there are other interesting additions. The social standing system was already discussed earlier, and there is also a simple system for Flyting, which is a ritualized contest of insults that was practiced by Norse. Yes, apparently social combat was a thing in the real world.


    If you have any interest at all in the mechanic changes I summarized above, then you should definitely get this book. This goes double if you like vikings! This is only an introductory set, but the new mechanics and the setting could easily be transplanted into a game based on the vanilla SRD. The only thing you’d be missing are the new character options beyond level 5.

  • Catalog of Equipment For the Discerning Assassin: 1191 Edition

    (image source)

    Like millions of people worldwide, I’ve been playing Assassin’s Creed games for a long time. One of the big draws of the games is all the cool gear you get to use, and I often bounce a few ideas around the inside of my skull about how this stuff would look on the tabletop. This is my first attempt at actually writing it down. In this post in particular we’ll look at the equipment used by Altaïr in the original Assassin’s Creed, using GURPS stats.

    There’s one obvious Cool Gadget here, and we’ll get to it eventually, but the rest of the equipment is surprisingly mundane considering the crazy stuff that appears in later games.

    Clothing And Armor

    Altaïr and the rest of the Assassins don’t seem to wear too much in terms of armor, which makes sense since they’re portrayed as valuing stealth and mobility. Armor is a mainstay for the opposition in this game, and it seems to be portrayed in a historically accurate manner: check out GURPS Loadouts: Low-Tech Armor p. 27-29 for a very detailed breakdown. In short, both the Templars and Sarracens tend to wear DR 3 or 4 mail, with metal helmets.

    The infamous hooded outfit (AKA the Menacing Hood) is probably not very historical, since looking cool was a greater priority in its design than being period-appropriate. There’s a million jokes out there about how absurd it is that Altaïr can hide amidst the crowd at all while basically dressed as Medieval Batman, but that’s clearly something the Assassins are supposed to be able to do in-setting.

    It would make sense for Assassin characters in a tabletop game to wear Undercover Clothing (Low-Tech, p. 100). Altaïr’s iconic outfit isn’t quite bulky enough to count as a Long Coat (Low-Tech, p. 99), but wearing one in addition to the undercover clothes would definitely make sense for PC Assassins. The total +5 or +6 bonus to Holdout would make hiding all those weapons much easier!


    Assassin’s mostly fight with period-appropriate weapons. All the one-handed swords seen in the game would use the stats for a broadsword (and the Broadsword skill). Altaïr also gets access to a Long Knife, and to Small Throwing Knives. The opposition uses the same sort of sword. Those enemies posted as rooftop guards tend to carry Light Crossbows as well. You can find stats for these and many other suitable TL 2-3 weapons in the Basic Set, Low-Tech, or Martial Arts.

    But that’s not what you’re here for, is it?

    The Hidden Blade

    This marvel of Fantasy Tech-style engineering is a pure assassination weapon unsuited to open combat. It consists of a leather and metal bracer with a built-in, retractable knife blade. The spring-loaded mechanism is controlled by a ring around the hand’s little finger, and the blade is concealed along the underside of the arm. The model used in the original game can only be used by someone who had amputated the ring finger on the corresponding hand.

    The bracer is mostly leather covered with light metal plates that give DR 3 to that forearm. While the blade is retracted, the user has a +5 bonus to Holdout to conceal its nature as a weapon unless the people doing the searching know exactly what to look for. Extending the blade usually takes a Ready action, but the user can make a Fast-Draw (Knife) roll to do it instantly. Retracting the blade is a free action: just relax your hand!

    Stabbing with the Hidden Blade uses the Knife skill. It cannot parry, and counts as Cheap quality for other breakage purposes. It’s different enough from a plain old knife to inflict a -2 unfamiliarity penalty to both Knife and Fast-Draw on users who haven’t trained with it before. Such a newbie would also probably lose their ring finger the first time they extended the blade!

    TL Name Damage Reach Parry Cost Weight ST
    3 Hidden Blade thr imp C No $150 1kg (2 lbs.) 6
  • Pathfinder Iconics in the DFRPG: Merisiel

    In this post I continue to write up the Pathfinder iconic characters for use in the Dungeon Fantasy Roleplaying Game. Links to all of them will appear in the project page, which also contains links to the GURPS Dungeon Fantasy versions.

    Today’s template is the Thief, which means today’s character is Merisiel. Here she is:

    By Wayne Reynolds, Copyright 2007 Paizo Publishing

    Merisiel has all the knives. All of them. We’re back in familiar territory with her, as she’s one of the Iconics from the core book. Her bio is here and her stats are here. From these, we can learn the following:

    • Merisiel is one of the Forlorn, an elf raised among humans. They get this depressing name because Pathfinder elves are of the type that takes nearly a century to grow up. She spent these decades as a street urchin who stowed away on ships bound for different cities when her current buddies outgrew her.

    • She’s not the sharpest knife in the drawer but makes up for that by carrying a lot of really sharp knives on her person. She tries to start every combat hidden, to better backstab her foes.

    • Merisiel has an open and expressive personality, always tries to have fun in the moment, and is always chasing the next get-rich-quick scheme.

    Despite being pretty much a bog-standard d20/Pathfinder character, Merisiel presents us with several interesting challenges when it comes to adapting her to the Dungeon Fantasy RPG.

    First of all, she’s an elf, but not the woodsy type of elf shown in DFRPG: Adventurers. No, she’s a Forlorn elf, which means she grew up among humans and had no contact with elven culture to speak of. The racial template from Adventurers that best models this is actually the Half-Elf, down to the problems they have in relating to both humans and elves. She’s not an actual half-breed, but the effects of Social Stigman (Forlorn Elf) would be pretty much the same. And theorietically she would have a much longer lifespan than a half-elf, but that’s not worth any points in Dungeon Fantasy campaigns.

    The other challenge is that the Thief professional template from Advanturers is built to resemble the Thief class of early D&D - a middling combatant who’s great at stealth, trap-finding, and reaching difficult places. The d20 Rogue class is still good at these non-combat things, but its main focus is stabbing monsters in the back for massive damage. This is why Merisiel’s Pathfinder stats give her a rapier despite her bio’s focus on knives - it’s the best melee weapon for rogues in that system. Fortunately, the list of Thief-appropriate traits in Adventurers gives us tools to fix this discrepancy.

    As a result, Merisiel’s DX and IQ are both a point lower than you would expect for an elf thief, to make room for the extra stabby (Ambidexterity, Weapon Master, Expert Backstabber, and increased combat skills). She’s still quite a bit sharper than her original bio indicates, though it might not be apparent to someone who witnessed her failing two or more self-control rolls.

    This version of Merisiel is almost identical to her GURPS Dungeon Fantasy counterpart, with the biggest variation being her armor. She’s now at Light Encumbrance, and must drop the backpack before entering a fight to avoid combat penalties.

    Our advancement options here are many. As a member of a “skill monkey” profession Merisiel can always use more and higher skills. Players who want to save points for a while might want to consider buying back that “lost” IQ point for this reason. Those who want to make her stabbier would do well to add a couple points of ST for that sweet 2d swing damage, and more Expert Backstabber would make her sneak attacks even better. Spending treasure on a lighter loadout and better-quality knives would also bring a lot of benefit to the character.

    Merisiel, 250-point Forlorn Elf Thief

    ST 11 {10}; DX 15 {100}; IQ 12 {40}; HT 11 {10}

    Damage 1d-1/1d+1; BL 12.1kg; HP 11; Will 12; Per 13 {5}; FP 11; Basic Speed 6.00 {-10}; Basic Move 7 {5}


    • Ambidexterity {5}
    • Expert Backstabbing 5 {10}
    • Flexibility {5}
    • High Manual Dexterity 1 {5}
    • Magery 0 {5}
    • Night Vision 5 {5}
    • Perfect Balance {15}
    • Weapon Master (Knives) {20}


    • Compulsive Carousing (12) {-5}
    • Curious (12) {-5}
    • Greed (12) {-15}
    • Impulsiveness (12) {-10}
    • Sense of Duty (Adventuring Companions) {-5}
    • Social Stigma (Forlorn Elf) {-5}


    • Acrobatics (H) DX-1 {1}1 - 14
    • Brawling (E) DX {1} - 15
    • Carousing (E) HT {1} - 11
    • Climbing (A) DX+3 {1}12 - 18
    • Escape (H) DX+1 {1}2 - 16
    • Fast-Draw (Knife) (E) DX {1} - 15
    • Fast-Talk (A) IQ-1 {1} - 11
    • Filch (A) DX {2} - 15
    • Forced Entry (E) DX {1} - 15
    • Gambling (A) IQ-1 {1} - 11
    • Gesture (E) IQ {1} - 12
    • Holdout (A) IQ {2} - 12
    • Lockpicking (A) DX+2 {4}3 - 17
    • Main-Gauche (A) DX+3 {12} - 18
    • Pickpocket (H) DX {2}3 - 15
    • Search (A) Per {2} - 14
    • Shadowing (A) IQ {2} - 12
    • Sleight of Hand (H) DX-1 {1}3 - 14
    • Smuggling (A) IQ {2} - 12
    • Stealth (A) DX+3 {12} - 18
    • Streetwise (A) IQ+1 {4} - 13
    • Thrown Weapon (Knife) (E) DX+2 {4} - 17
    • Traps (A) IQ+1 {4} - 13
    • Urban Survival (A) Per {2} - 13


    • Ordinary Clothing [Body, Limbs]: Free, 1kg
    • Light Leather Armor [Body, Limbs]: DR 1. $137, 8.25kg.
    • Backpack, Small [Body]: Holds 20kg of gear. $60, 1.5kg.
    • Bull’s Eye Lantern [Backpack]: 10m beam, burns for 6 hours per 0.5L of oil. $100, 1kg.
    • Oil, 1L [Backpack]: Includes flask. $4, 1kg.
    • Personal Basics [Backpack]: $5, 0.5kg
    • Rope, 3/8”, 10m [Backpack]: Supports 150kg. $5, 0.75kg.
    • Lockpicks [Backpack]: $50, 0.05kg.
    • Long Knife x2 [Torso]: Damage sw-1 cut or thr imp. $240, 1.5kg.
    • Dagger x4 [Torso]: Damage thr-1 imp. May be thrown. $80, 0.5kg.


    Assumes No Encumbrance (Merisiel needs to drop the backpack for that).

    • Dodge 9
    • Parry 11F (Long Knife)


    • Long Knife (18): 1d+2 cut or 1d+1 imp; Reach C, 1.
    • Long Knife Backstab (18): 2d+5 cut or 1d+3 imp; Reach C, 1;
    • Thrown Dagger (17): 1d imp; Acc 0; Range 6/11.
    1. +1 from Perfect Balance  2

    2. +3 from Flexibility  2

    3. +1 from High Manual Dexterity  2 3

  • Deterministic Heroic Feats

    This should be easier, too. (image source)

    As I mentioned in my recent Quick and Dirty Technical Grappling post, the biggest GURPS showstopper in my experience has been recalculating ST scores on the fly, and this wasn’t only a Technical Grappling issue. Today I’ll try to tackle the other rule where this issue has bit me: The Blessed (Heroic Feats) advantage.

    This is one of the most powerful Holy Warrior abilities in both versions of Dungeon Fantasy, and it allows you to temporarily increase your ST, DX, or HT. The problem here is that the increase is variable, expressed in dice (+1d or +2d). It’s also an increase that applies to the full attribute, which means the following:

    • Increasing ST changes your HP, Basic Lift and base damage.

    • Increasing DX changes your Basic Speed and potentially Move.

    • Increasing HT changes your FP, your Basic Speed and potentially your Move.

    Of these, the HP and FP changes are pretty straightforward. Basic Speed changes are the next easiest to calculate on the fly, since each extra point of DX or HT changes it by 0.25. Basic Lift is not too bad, since the formula for it is easy to memorize (ST * ST/10 kg, or twice that in pounds).

    But then you get to base damage, and the gears of your game grind to a halt while you look it up in a table. Now, I’ve been dealing with GURPS for a number of years now so I know that this table is in page 16 of the Basic Set, but people who are new to the system won’t have that memorized. And knowing that didn’t help me in the event that prompted me to write these articles, as I was using the Dungeon Fantasy RPG and had to look up the table like anyone else who is new to those books.

    There is actually a specific algorithm for figuring out your change in basic damage, but it’s fiddly enough that finding and consulting the table is usually quicker. And whether you calculate or look up your new basic damage, you still have use that to figure out the damage of your actual attacks, with things like weapon modifiers, Weapon Master, or high Karate bonuses.

    My Solution: Deterministic Heroic Feats

    The Heroic Feats advantage now increases your attribute by a fixed amount: 4 per level. This still lasts for 3d seconds, to still keep the favor of the gods somewhat fickle. GMs who want to get rid of that remaining bit of randomness can just have it last 10 seconds instead.

    When you take the Heroic Feats advantage, write down your new total stats somewhere, and use those when the power is active.

    Example: Our friend Seelah has ST 13 and Heroic Might 1, so in a separate space in her character sheet we record her stats with ST 17: Basic Lift 28.9kg and Damage 1d+2/3d-1. We also pre-calculate her enhanced sword damage (3d cut or 1d+4 imp). When Seelah uses Heroic Might, we refer to those stats instead of her usual ones.

    If she later increases Heroic Might to its maximum level of 2, her enhanced strength becomes 21, so we recalculate her secondary stats: Basic Lift 44.1kg and Damage 2d/4d-1. Her sword damage becomes 4d cut or 2d+2 imp.

    If later still she buys Weapon Master, we apply the damage bonuses from that advantage to both sets of stats. Her normal sword damage becomes 2d+4 cut/1d+4 imp, and her enhanced sword damage becomes 4d+8 cut/2d+6 imp. Now that’s what I call a smite!

  • Quick and Dirty Technical Grappling

    This should be easier! (image source)

    2018-04-09 Update: After receiving some feedback from Douglas Cole, who wrote the original Technical Grappling rules, I’ve updated this article to better handle people with wildly varying SMs and ST scores. I believe the resulting rules can still be considered “Quick and Dirty” :).

    As I mentioned in my previous post, I like the Technical Grappling rules on principle but find them way too detailed for most games in practice. Here’s my attempt to simplify them into something I can use.

    My main goal here is to completely eliminate on-the-fly ST adjustments from the game. In my experience, nothing has ever reduced the pacing of my games to a screeching halt like having to look up someone’s new damage dice and recalculate all their attacks. This is not just a Technical Grappling issue, but since that is the topic of the day let’s stick to it.

    Referred Control as written also has to go, because it involves a similar amount of “recalculate everything right now”.

    Any references to “the book” below refer to GURPS Technical Grappling, and the “core rules” are the ones from GURPS Characters and Campaigns.

    Trained ST

    This is gone. It’s one more thing to track for each individual skill and it raises too slowly to make any difference for most games.

    Use the Wrestling bonus from the core rules for that skill and ignore the concept for the others. Buy Lifting ST instead.

    Grappling Attacks and Damage

    Grappling still does Control Point damage, because that’s the core of the system! CP damage is annotated as “control” in attack stat lines.

    All unarmed grappling attacks inflict CP damage equal to the “thrust” value for your ST. Lifting ST improves your ST for this purpose and so does the Wrestling bonus when using that skill. Add +1 damage for each limb used beyond the first two. If attacker’s SM is larger than that of the target, apply the difference as a control damage bonus as well.

    Armed grappling works mostly like in the book, except you always use your full ST to calculate control damage. Entangling weapons use your base skill level instead (not the effective one for that specific attack). This allows you to write the control damage for your armed grapples once and not worry about it later on, similar to how normal attacks work.

    Any monster whose attacks “automatically count as a successful grapple” in things like Dungeon Fantasy do linked control damage equal to the basic damage of their attack. So if that Giant Enemy Crab has claws that do 2d+2 cut, they now also do 2d+2 control!

    Grapplers can still only maintain a maximum amount of CP equal to their ST.

    Control Threshold

    Every creature has a Control Threshold (CT) equal to their ST/5, rounded down to the nearest whole number. This determines how easy it is to impair that character’s movements via grappling. In relatively “realistic” games with human-scale characters, 99% of people will have a CT of 2, and the remaining slabs of pure muscle will have a CT of 3. Things can get quite a bit more varied in Dungeon Fantasy or other fantastical games.

    Write this down once during character creation, and only worry about changing it if your permanent ST changes.

    Effects of Control Points

    Every (CT) Control Points applied to a target translate into a -1 penalty to DX1. If the target’s torso or head is being grappled this applies to all their actions. If a limb is being grappled, the full penalty applies to any actions involving that limb. Half the penalty applies to all other actions. Treat grapples to multiple locations as a single grapple to the torso with their combined CP.

    In the example from page 6 of Technical grappling, that would give our pal And’Rezik a total of 13 CP on his target. It’s only 2 CP less and you didn’t need to halt your fight for 5 minutes to figure that out!

    Control points can be spent in the same ways as in the book, and grappled targets can attempt to erode them with their own grapple attacks subject to the DX penalty, as usual.

    That’s All, Folks!

    That’s pretty much it. I haven’t actually tested this system in play, but it’s what I’m going to use in the next game I run where grappling is a thing. I’m sure I’ve missed some edge cases from the original book, but if those ever become a problem I’ll address them at that time.

    1. Creatures whose CT rounds down to 0 take -2 DX per CP applied to them. 

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